¿De dónde viene el ajonjolí?

Esta semilla oleaginosa es esencial en la cocina mexicana; ya sea en el pan, en el mole, en ensaladas, para empanizar carnes o pescados, el ajonjolí brinda sabor y nutrición.

Las semillas de ajonjolí, a pesar de su pequeño tamaño, son un cultivo extremadamente valioso. El nombre científico de la planta de donde vienen es Sesamum Indicum, que es originaria de África pero ahora se encuentra principalmente a lo largo de Asia, siendo Myanmar e India los mayores productores en ese continente.

Estas plantas anuales son las plantas oleaginosas más antiguas conocidas por el hombre, y el aceite de sésamo o ajonjolí, que conforma hasta el 60% de la semilla, se usa mundialmente para cocinar y con fines medicinales. Las semillas en sí se usan como especia o condimento, perfectas para agregar un toque especial a cualquier platillo, aunque son especialmente apreciadas en panadería.

La planta de sésamo puede crecer hasta un metro y medio de altura; sus flores son de color blanco, rosa o morado rosáceo, y las semillas crecen dentro de pequeñas vainas alargadas. Cuando llega el momento de la cosecha, se agrupan los tallos y se extraen las semillas del interior de sus vainas.

El ajonjolí en México

Como muchos otros cultivos, el ajonjolí llegó al continente americano con los esclavos africanos, quienes traían esta semilla como parte de su dieta, utilizándola en diversos platillos, así como usando el aceite para enaltecer la belleza de la piel.

Este cultivo poco exigente de nutrientes, se desarrolla en una gran variedad de suelos, pero los más aptos son de texturas ligeras. Hay más de 15 variedades de ajonjolí, las cuales se pueden dividir por su color y su precocidad, las más comunes son de color blanco y negro o tostado.

Los agricultores mexicanos aportan 0.8% del ajonjolí que se cosecha en el mundo, siendo su rendimiento 1.9 veces mayor al del líder mundial. México es el productor número 15 en el mundo, generando hasta 20 millones de litros de aceite de ajonjolí.

Datos curiosos

  • En la industria se usa para producir aceites comestibles, margarinas y hasta cosméticos.
  • Hay evidencias escritas y botánicas de su empleo en la India en el año 3.500 a de C.
  • Posee cantidades altas de hierro y calcio, por lo que se utiliza en dietas basadas en plantas como un suplemento importante.
  • Contiene incluso 8 veces más nutrientes que la leche.
  • Un mexicano consume, en promedio, 700 gramos de ajonjolí al año.
  • El magnesio presente dentro de esta semilla ayuda a disminuir la presión arterial y a regular la glucosa contenida en nuestra sangre.
  • La presencia de antioxidantes en el ajonjolí negro es 6 veces mas que el blanco.
  • Contiene una alta cantidad de proteína.
  • Se cultiva en 12 estados del país, Guerrero, Sinaloa y Michoacán son los principales productores.
  • Contiene vitaminas A,B, C, D y E, las cuales benefician la salud del cabello y la piel, entre otros.

¿Te gustaría saber más sobre nuestros productos? Puedes encontrar muchísima información y recetas en nuestro blog, además de que puedes comprarlos en cualquier Walmart, Superama, Bodega Aurrera, laComer y Alsuper.

También puedes encontrar diversos productos Don Zabor en nuestra tienda en línea, además de ofertas imperdibles, como la de la nuez de la India, ¡no la dejes de aprovechar!

See more →

Los mercados en México

Son un elemento de nuestra cultura y algo que damos por sentado; pero ¿de dónde vienen los mercados tradicionales mexicanos?

See more →

The importance of nuts and seeds in our diet

They are an excellent source of nutrition for vegans and omnivores alike and are linked to positive health outcomes. If you want to know why, keep reading.

How are nuts distinguished from seeds?

It is not always easy to know which is one or the other, or even what each one is for, but we hope that this guide will be useful to you; let's start with the nuts. These are the fruit of a plant that is surrounded by a hard shell. The botanical definition of a walnut implies that this hard shell does not split open to release the seed.

In the culinary and nutrition world, we define foods by their use in recipes and by their nutrient content; that's why we never use the botanical definition of a fruit because that would include nuts, whole grains, and lots of vegetables.

The seeds come from a plant whose purpose is to become a new plant. Again, the culinary definition specifies that the seeds are edible for human consumption.

Your benefits

These foods are an excellent source of essential nutrients and also contain antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds, both of which can be beneficial to long-term health.

Studies have found that people who regularly eat nuts and seeds have better heart health, weight control, and lower risk of some cancers than those who don't. Eating nuts and seeds may also be helpful for people with type 2 diabetes.

They are a good source of dietary fiber; they provide good fats, which nourish blood cells and help maintain brain function. They help control cholesterol levels and are rich in trace elements such as selenium, magnesium, copper and zinc, which our body needs.

Why is it important to include them in a vegan diet?

While the nutrients found in nuts and seeds can be beneficial to both vegans and omnivores, they are especially helpful to vegans.

They are excellent sources of plant-based protein, which is why they are often incorporated into plant-based diets very commonly, even as the main ingredient to create alternative products to dairy, such as cream, cheese and non-dairy milks among others. And boy, at Don Zabor we have recipes of this kind that are finger-licking good. You can find them on our blog, of course.

What kind of seeds and nuts should you include in your diet?

There are tons of tasty nuts and seeds that can fit into your everyday life.Some great options for nuts include:

  • Almond
  • Chestnuts
  • Sesame
  • Cashnut
  • Pistache
  • Poppy
  • Corn
  • Macadamia Nuts
  • Rice
  • Peanut
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Sunflower
  • Pecan nut
  • Quinoa
  • Sprockets
  • Nut de Castilla
  • Chia
  • Flaxseed

How to use them in the kitchen?

As we already mentioned, you can use them to make alternative products to dairy such as vegan cheeses, vegetable milks, cream, yogurt, or make parfaits or oatmeal with chia or flaxseed for a healthy breakfast, to accompany a salad or a pasta; if you have meetings with friends or family, you can make delicious dips with nuts and seeds, or use them to make granola and even as snacks or collations to give energy to your body throughout the day

Do you want to know more about our products? You can find a lot of information and recipes on our blog, plus you can buy them at any Walmart, Superama, Bodega Aurrera, laComer and Alsuper, and at our new online store.


See more →

The history of fresh waters

Nowhere else do they make the typical waters that we know and consume in Mexico so commonly, but we really don't know their origin. Stay and learn more about this culinary tradition.

See more →

Do you know all the benefits of Jamaica flower?

There are many properties, as well as ways to prepare it, since it is an ingredient that works as an antiseptic and slimming agent, maintaining body temperature as well as helping our heart. Let's learn more about the benefits of this flower.

See more →

Nuez de la India, a very peculiar fruit

The Cashnut is praised for its significant reserve of nutrients. Along with Brazil nuts and almonds, cashews have the highest magnesium content per serving of any tree nut. And like most nuts, they're also a good source of vitamin E and cancer-fighting phytochemicals.

See more →

Black eyes, cinnamon skin

As the song says, the majority of the current Mexican population is of mestizo ethnicity, and just as tasty, strong and warm is one of our favorite spices: cinnamon.

From tree to spice

This seasoning, although not of Mexican origin, has been adopted by our gastronomy in countless sweet and savory dishes. Originally from Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), it is now cultivated in many tropical countries; Indonesia, China and Vietnam are the main producers, leaving Sri Lanka in fourth place.

In Mexico, it is cultivated in certain areas of Chiapas and Veracruz, since the climate of these places is appropriate for it to prosper, thanks to the fact that it is humid tropical and maintains temperatures above 25oC.

This evergreen tree grows up to 13 meters tall, and the seasoning we know as canelaw2 comes from its bark; it is removed every two years, the outer layer is scraped off and allowed to dry; With the help of the hands of the worker, during this process it shrinks and takes on the shape we know, like a branch.

Fake cinnamon?

Cinnamomum verum was described by the Czech chemist, botanist, zoologist, geologist, mineralogist and paleontologist Jan Svatopluk Presl in 1825.

The generic name Cinnamomum comes from the Greek Kinnamon or Kinnamomon, meaning sweet wood. The specific epithet verum is derived from the Latin "verus, vera, verum" which means true, to distinguish it from other species of Cinnamomum from which a similar but lower quality product is obtained.

Such is the case of Cassia or Chinese Cinnamon (Cinnamomum aromaticum, Cinnamomum Cassia); although they are very similar, Cassia is less aromatic, has a more pungent flavor (similar to that of pepper), while Ceylon cinnamon or Mexican cinnamon has a more subtle flavor and it is more fragrant. The first is usually used for savory dishes and the second for sweets.

How to differentiate one from the other? Cassia cinnamon is rolled like a parchment, ending with two edges pointing inward, plus it is harder and thicker. Ceylon, on the other hand, is brittle and rolls up in thin layers, and is lighter in color.

Your benefits

  • Whether Ceylon or some other variety, they share many health benefits. We share some of these with you:
  • Stimulates salivary secretion and glandular activity. It is effective against dyspepsia, insufficient gastric juices, gas and nausea.
  • Mitigates diarrhea thanks to its astringent effect and regulator of the intestinal flora.
  • It is known to be anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antifungal and anticancer.
  • It acts on the levels of bad LDL cholesterol and triglycerides when consumed regularly.
  • It has antioxidant properties that prevent the damage caused by free radicals to cells, thus reducing oxidative stress and improving learning and memory, being able to provide protection against Alzheimer's disease, dementia and Parkinson's disease.
  • Protects heart health; It contains compounds that cause arteries to relax and blood to flow more easily, and help keep blood pressure low.

In addition to its multiple benefits, cinnamon is a sustainably grown plant, like bamboo; trees grow quickly, as well as branches when cut.This and more are enough reasons to always have it in the pantry, from using it in tea to incorporating it into our traditional Mexican recipes

If, like us, you love to always have those basic ingredients in your pantry, don't hesitate to look for Don Zabor products at any Walmart, Superama, Bodega Aurrera, H-E-B, laComer and Alsuper, as well as at our new online store.


See more →

Why should we cook more at home?

Start with all the attitude and a renewed plan to improve your diet this year.

See more →

start eating healthy

The last two years, our lives have taken many turns; We have changed jobs, lifestyle, staying at home instead of going to the office, for a while we stopped doing the activities we used to do, going to the gym, taking those pole or Zumba classes, going out dancing ...

See more →

Everything you need to know about blueberries

Surely you have heard a lot of myths and truths about this fruit; At Don Zabor we investigate and tell you all the points in favor of this super food.

See more →